Welcome, Guest. Please login or register.
August 22, 2014, 10:43:09 AM
Home Search Search Login Register

+  Pet Goldfish - Aquarium Forum Community
|-+  Aquarium
| |-+  General Goldfish Discussion
| | |-+  Newbie questions..
« previous next »
Pages: [1]
Author Topic: Newbie questions..  (Read 691 times)
Soccer_23
Newbie
*

Karma: 1
Posts: 13


Newbie questions..
« on: August 04, 2011, 05:46:15 PM »

hey everyone! i am new to goldfish ownership and i have a couple of questions.

1: I'm interested buying a oranda goldfish and a ranchu goldfish. Is this an okay mix? or is it better to stick with only one kind per tank (30 gallons) ?
2: Are oranda's and ranchu's okay for a first time owner? I really like them, and i've had fish before, but in small tanks only. Are they difficult to care for?
3. I'm fairly confused about the whole cycling process. I've read some other posts, but i'm still a little fuzzy on that topic, so if someone could explain it to me i would be so greatfull!
4. What is the best food for fancy goldfish? I'd like them to be healthy and i know people say greens and frozen blood worms are good for them, but is there a processed food that's alright for a them as a base meal? And keep greens and blood worms as treats?
5. Live plants Vs. Fake and if so what brands/varietys.

Thanks every answer is really appreciated!
Logged
Soccer_23
Newbie
*

Karma: 1
Posts: 13


Re: Newbie questions..
« Reply #1 on: August 04, 2011, 05:59:05 PM »

6. I've read that people don't suggest  gravel/rocks at the bottom of the tank beacause they mess up the filtration and create problems for the fish. True or false?
Logged
fantailer
Sr. Member
****

Karma: 122
Posts: 1629



Re: Newbie questions..
« Reply #2 on: August 05, 2011, 06:29:40 AM »

Those fish can live together in a 30 gallon tank.

Orandas and ranchus are not recommended for first timers because they get swim bladder a lot but feed them some greens and swim bladder is gone.

Cycling is when you let the water sit so benefical bacteria can grow. A week after starting cycling the water will get foggy and then it will get clear and thats when you add fish. This will take up to 45 days.

Bascicly feed  them sinking pellets, peas and live foods.


You can get fake plants but the fish love eating your live plants.

Gravel doesn't do anything to the fish and filter.
Logged
Nossie
Hero Member
*****

Karma: 481
Posts: 5469



Re: Newbie questions..
« Reply #3 on: August 06, 2011, 04:22:09 AM »

1. Yes, they're fine together Smiley You could also add: Fantails, Pearl scales, Pom poms...
2. They're hardy and strong fish, but you need to be more careful to feed them a varied diet than the more "simple" varieties of fancy goldfish. You'll need high quality staple pellets, 2-3 different kinds. Aside from this, you should also feed them bloodworms, tubifex, krill, brine shrimp or gammarus a few times a week + vegetables every now and then Smiley You can buy dried seaweed for them, or you can give them shelled peas, blanched zucchini, lettuce, spinach, cucumber... (For more info, you could check out the "How to feed Veggies" thread)
3. During the cycling process, ammonia will spike during the first few days/weeks, this is highly toxic to fish, so it would be safer if you'd cycle the tank before adding the fish. As the beneficial bacteria will multiply and settle in the tank, the ammonia will turn into nitrite, which is also dangerous, but not at all as toxic. Finally, the nitrite will be exchanged to nitrates, and from now of you'll have to change the water every week to keep the nitrate levels healthy and safe for the fish Smiley
During cycling it's a good idea to add beneficial bacteria from a bottle every week, and add fish carefully, start with one fish and monitor the water quality closely in case a mini cycle would start. The biological system isn't used to having a constant source of ammonia (the source being the goldfish) so you'll need to perform small water changes regularly to keep the levels safe. Buy a test kit for pH, ammonia, nitrite and nitrate and test every day for the first few days. Later it'll be fine just changing half of the water weekly and testing only when you notice that the fish are acting strange.
4. I feed my goldfish with brands like Hikari, Tetra, JBL and Sera, all really good foods! There are special foods developed for ranchus and orandas if you're interested. I feed my fish three times a day in small portions (goldfish don't have stomachs so they can't store any nutrition, this is why they need many small meals during the day). In mornings and evenings I give them pellets, and for lunch they get live foods or vegetables Smiley
5. LIVE! Plastic plants will give a pretty unnatural and fake impression, and they could even have sharp edges that could cut your fishes' tails. If you'll get for example Java Ferns and different types of Anubias you can make a beautiful aquascape, and the goldfish love nibbling on the leaves and looking for food in the plants Wink
! You can also try growing these plants onto pieces of driftwood, that looks really pretty! Cheesy And they've got incredibly strong roots, so the fish wouldn't dig them loose.
6. The gravel needs to be a suitable size, pretty small pieces with even shapes are usually safest, so try finding some smooth, relatively round gravel in about pea size, and add a 2 inch layer or so in the tank, that will make planting easier, and it will make your tank look more natural. It's pure bullsh*t that the gravel would be any danger to the fish or filter. On the contrary, a part of the goldfishes' natural behavior is digging in the gravel for food particles. Personally, I find it cruel to keep them from living a natural goldfish life :/
Logged
fantailer
Sr. Member
****

Karma: 122
Posts: 1629



Re: Newbie questions..
« Reply #4 on: August 06, 2011, 06:59:14 AM »

Nossie Ive been wanting a live plant in my tank.

Do you know what the most common and easiest plant?

And how to take care of it?
Logged
Nossie
Hero Member
*****

Karma: 481
Posts: 5469



Re: Newbie questions..
« Reply #5 on: August 07, 2011, 03:02:31 AM »

Java Fern, by far! This plant will usually live all on its own, multiply and grow without you having to provide any extra plant nutrition or anything, not to mention that it tastes really bitter for the goldfish so they won't eat it Smiley

I have a forest of these in the back of my tank, and a smaller one growing on some bog wood, it makes a very nice look even if they're all the same plants Smiley
If you want something small too, get a bush or two with Dwarf Anubias, these will grow like a little carpet, out towards the sides, so they make really nice foreground plants!
Logged
Ron H
Full Member
***

Karma: 83
Posts: 443



Re: Newbie questions..
« Reply #6 on: August 07, 2011, 03:52:13 AM »

great advice fantailer and Nossie... and thanks for the dwarf anubia and java fern tip... karma for you all...cheers > Ron
Logged
Pages: [1]  
« previous next »
Jump to:  
Page created in 0.229 seconds with 17 queries.